Architectural Art of Uygur Nationality

Among Uygur nationality architecture, Islamic architectural achievements are the greatest. Islam originated inArabiain the 7th century and was gradually introduced intoChina's Xinjiang during the 10th century (Ming Dynasty) and became popular with the Uygurs. The molding style Uygur Islamic architecture Salat monastery is quite different from Han structures.

The layout of a Salat monastery is free, only requiring that the Salat half must be sited in the west and face east. Believers, while praying before the holy niche on the wail at the back of the Salat hall, also face Masjid al-Haram inMecca.

Keshen, a large city in the westernmost part ofChina, is the first place to accept Islam. Eidkah Mosque within the city was built about 500 years ago, but the existing appearance of the mosque was formed in the latter half of the 19thcentury. Eidkah Mosque isChina's largest Islamic Salat mosque.

Eidkah Mosque has its front gate open to the southeast corner. The arch over the gateway is laid up with bricks, the front wall is of a vertical rectangular shape, and the middle is a large pointed arch niche. On the left and right sides of the arch, the courtyard wall is connected to two minarets, on top of which is a small pavilion with a dome. The left courtyard wall is very short, with a fairly sturdy minaret; the right wall is rather long, with a fine, small minaret. A disproportionate balanced composition is thus achieved. On the surface of the courtyard wall there are also pointed arch shallow niches. On the elevation, the constant appearance of many pointed arches and arch tops of various sizes emphasize the unity of molding techniques.

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