In 1911, the Qing Dynasty was overthrown in the Revolution of 1911, and China stepped into a new era--the Republic Period. In this short period of time lasting only 40 years, gigantic changes took place in China on aspects of social politics, economy and culture. As the autocratic monarchy was overthrown, the bureaucratic apparatus, imperial examination system and ceremonies and proprieties associated with it were all abolished. China started to transit from a semi-colony to a modem new society. It was a time of turmoil for China, beset by internal disturbance and foreign aggression. It was also a time when revolutionary movements rose one after another. Having gotten rid of the high-handed ruling Qing government, and motivated by revolutionary thought, Chinese Muslims walked out of a blocked situation, and recovered and built up their national consciousness. They began to consider changes on various aspects such as equality of political status, improvement of economy,. development of education and freedom of religious belief. As a result, a new Islamic cultural movement was initiated by the Muslim scholars who were both well versed in religion and had a modern mind.