Chinese Muslims started a new political life after the land reforms and socialist reconstruction was accomplished. However, the feudal privileges and system of exploitation were still in existence in religious fields, greatly hampering the development of social production and the improvement of Muslims' life. In the Northwest in particular, there still existed the religious domination of Menhuans (special Islamic sects in China) and a heavy religious burden, so it became necessary to carry out certain reform to religious systems of Chinese Islam.
From 1958 to 1960, under the leadership of the central authorities, a couple of democratic reforms were carried out concerning certain aspects of religious systems of Chinese Islam. In line with the actual situation and basic principles for reform. the religious systems of Chinese Islam was classified into three categories: those severely hampering the development of production were of the first, 11 items altogether, these must be reformed; those not being much of an obstacle were of the second, 5 items altogether, these could remained unformed; those being no obstacle at all were of the third, these definitely could remain unformed, and proper solutions would be worked out for their existence.
The feudal privileges and the system of exploitation that existed in the religious system of Chinese Islam in the Northwest was basically abolished after the democratic reform was successfully carried out. Muslims were liberated from religious feudal oppression and exploitation, and production developed a great deal as a result.
The democratic reform to the religious system of Chinese Islam conformed to the trend of the times and exerted a great influence on the social progress and development of politics, economy and culture of the Muslim ethnic regions. However, affected by "Leftist" thoughts, some blunders were produced as well; some Muslims legal religious activities were interfered or restrained.