The cotton production in Xinjiang holds an important position in the country. It consistently ranked No.1 in per capita yield, output, rank and domestic transfer volume. Xinjiang has all the needed conditions which are advantageous for cotton-growing, such as sufficient light and heat, long sunlight hours and a dry climate with little precipitation. The cotton grown here is glossy and white, with strong elasticity, long fibers, and high ranking. Xinjiang is the one and only long-staple cotton production base in China. Presently 1 1 quality cotton production bases have been set up in Turpan, Bachu, Maigaiti, and other places,with a total area that covers over 3 million mu.
A comprehensive service system has been set up to serve these bases in management, technology popularization, propagation of fine breeds, purchasing and processing. With the development of the cotton production bases, the state has offered favored policies toward the cotton textile industry in Xinjiang,and that in turn has reached a considerable scale.