Using cell phones to remotely control farmland irrigation and clicking a mouse to fertilize the land…This is no myth. This is the true method of farming by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps. In recent years, the XPCC has been dedicated to promoting modern technology in agricultural production and leading the way in mechanization, intelligence, automation in the country.
In the late 1990s, the Corps adopted a “round contract system” and family farms. How does the Corps make use of the mechanization advantages? In light of these new aims, the Corps placed agricultural machinery under individual ownership, but strictly managed agricultural machinery operators. Operators had to pass regular training and assessment. If any of them failed to meet the standards, they would not be allowed to work on the farmland. As a result, the Corps has maintained a relatively high level of mechanization.
Currently, most Corps farms adopt a “precise” management of seeding and fertilization. Compared with the past, these farms conserve nearly half of the seed by using air suction precision planters. By using a computer analysis balance system, people can figure out the quantity of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium that the soil needs. In addition, the Corps also introduced an automatic pest-monitoring system;
and installed infrared monitoring equipment at drainage gates to automatically determine the water content of soil and to water the land by using a remote control system via cell phone.
Modern science and technology have vigorously promoted these benefits. In 2004, the per capita agricultural GDP of Corps employees reached 23,343 yuan, 4.37 times as much as the national average. The rate of machine cultivation and sowing operations were 99% and 98% respectively, just higher than the national level. The production of wheat, rice and oil has been mechanized; both cotton production rate per mu and commodity rate are highest in the nation.