The Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps(XPCC) achieved a “triple jump” in cotton production, leading the nation in cotton yield for four consecutive years since 2003. It successfully produced 1/6 of the nation’s cotton on using only 9% of the cotton acreage. What is particularly amazing is that the yield from the seven million mu cotton field exceeded 140 kilograms, nearly doubling the nation’s cotton total.
Thanks to constant technological breakthroughs, the Corps has been able to create a new production record.
In 1983, the Corps was the first to use large scale plastic film to grow cotton. As a result, it increased its cotton yield from 40 kilograms in 1983 to 75 kilograms in 1993.
In 1994, the Corps began to use wide film, which is better at maintaining soil temperature and moisture. This technology successfully promoted an average yield of 82 kilograms. In 1997, the average cotton yield exceeded 100 kilograms.
From 1999 onwards, the Corps introduced technology for precise seed sowing, irrigation, fertilization and reaping; marking the beginning of information technology-driven modern agriculture. With the click of a mouse, people can monitor crop growth through a computer screen. By relying on a GPS satellite positioning system, they can get accurate coordinates of soil sampling sites. Through computer analysis, they can apply balanced fertilizer on crops. By introducing advanced technology, the Corps has successfully increased income per mu by at least 400 yuan; expanded per capita management areas from 40 acres to 200 mu; and enhanced labor productivity 25 times.