Within Bayangol's territory, there are mainly mountains,plains and deserts. Tianshan Mountains, Altun Range and Kunlun Mountains stretch and wave their ways in all directions.Snow at these mountain peaks melts to form rivers and lakes.With shining clear and crystalline ripples in the Tarim River,Peacock River and Bosten Lake, green hopes and strong vigor are brought about to this sandy land. Picturesque Bayangol presents her beauty at the snowy Kunlun Mountains, lofty Tianshan Mountains, boundless Altun Range, heart-thrilling Taklamakan Desert, world famous Lop Nur and the Bayinbulak Grassland with plenty of grass and countless livestock.
Bayinbulak Grassland is translated into Mongolian as wealthy springs.Located northwest to Jinghe County and 636 km awayfrom Korla Prefecture, it stretches for 23,000 sq. km at thesouth foot of the Tianshan Mountains. In Bayinbulak Grassland,a place of vast area, wavy terrain and various plants, there are herds of livestock, green grass, surrounding mountains and running rivers. It's ranked as the second largest grassland in China. As early as 2,600 years ago, human beings had already lived here. In 1771 (36th year of Qianlong Period, Qing Dynasty),led by Ubasi, some Mongolian tribes, including Turghut and Khoshut, rose in revolt to return to the Qing Dynasty, and then settled down in Bayinbulak Grassland and around the Kaidu Riven With vast area, flat terrain, lush quality "ghee grass", this grassland produces so called "four treasures in grassland":Yanqi Tianshan horse, Bayinbulak big-tail sheep, Chinese merino sheep and, "tank in plateau", yak. In midsummer, flowers are blossoming, herds of sheep are wandering like clouds, and yurts scatter in grassland like lotus flowers.
Bayinbulak Grassland, a place with plenty of water and lush
Every year around April, more than 10,000 rare birds from over 70 species including whooper swan, swan, mute swan and tern flock to Bayinbulak Grassland for food and multiplying.They gather together, now playing in lakes, then taking off from the water for the sky. Swans, lakes, mountain peaks and clouds constitute a magnificent picture in sunshine.
The famous Swan Lake is located in the Grassland, which is at the southwest of Bayan Village, 60 km away from the Bayinbulak Sub-prefectural Government of Hejing County.In fact, the lake is a large piece of wetland made up of small lakes connecting each other. It is the first natural protection zone for swans in China.
Why Bayinbulak Grassland attracts swans and so many other rare birds? It is because of unique environmental conditions bestowed by nature and protection effort by local people, who consider birds as their children. In addition to heavily scattered springs, crisscrossing rivers and flourishing water grass in surrounding area of the lake, cool weather, quiet environment and plenty of food make the lake a world famous water birds' paradise for swans, common crane, bar-headed goose, golden eagle, stern, long-legged buzzard, mallard, etc.Bayinbulak Grassland is sparsely populated. Local
The Swan Lake on the Bayinbulak Grasshmd
White swans on the Swan Lake
Flocks of swans are looking for food casually
Mongolian herdsmen regard the swan as an angel and the bird of happiness and have been taking care of it ever since ancient times. Some swans are fed and looked after carefully by herdsmen, they go out early and come back late as if they are domestic birds. Still they join the swarm to fly south in late autumn and come back to their masters' homes next spring.
This swan protection zone was established in 1980. it is of important researching value and excises certain influence world wide because it is one of the national bird ringing spots (central spot for ringing a bird with a ring-shaped device for scientific research), in 1986, the Swan Lake was approved as a national nature reserve.
The Bosten Lake had abundant resources of reeds,which are important materials for papermaking.
The shore of Fangma Lake