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III Soul of Humanism in Central Asia
(Tianshannet) Updated: 2010-July-28 10:17:43


Kashgar is rich in culture deposit with a lot of scholars and poets, for which it is called the Soul of Central Asia's Humanism.Mahmud Kashgari, a Uygur linguists, composed the Diwanu LuBatit-Turk (The Complete Turkish Dictionary); the most famous poet Yusuf Has Hacib wrote the dastan Happiness and Wisdom in Turkic; Mirza Muhammad Haidar Dughlat, famous historian and writer during the Yarkand Khanate (1499 or 1500-1551),produced the Tankh-i-Rashidi (A History of the Moghuls of Central Asia); Xia Mahemu Chucisi compiled the Annals; Ahemaiti Yuge Naike, a blind poet during the late Qarakhanid Dynasty composed the dastan of Rudiments of Truth; Uygur famous poets Ayzibieke Kuoshiqi and Heerketi during the Yarkand Khanate provided the two dastans of Philosophy of Life and Love and Labor.Behind them, there were also poet Muhammad Aibu Salayi with his Flower and Lark, Zhai Lili who wrote the Book of Itinerary, gifted poet Aierxi and the Aierxib Poetry, as well as Yibulayin Maixihuli With the Maixihuli Poetry.

Farmer's painting of Makit County

Xinjiang has been a country of song and dance ever since ancient times, making remarkable contributions to the music society. It is said that the earliest music pitch pipes was born Kunlun Mountains. At the then Yellow Emperor's order to make tuning pitch pipes Linglun havng suffered nnumerous hardship along a journey of more than twenty thousand li crossed the Chishui River and reached the Kunlun Mountains, a picturesque and poetic place with humid climate, thick forests,tall bamboo, colorful flowers, running beasts and flying birds.Assisted by Luwu, a god taking care of the mountains, he found bamboo poles suitable for making music instrument at the "Valley of streams with crabs." Twelve bamboo poles were selected and made into twelve flutes. Linglun tried to play these flutes but 0nly heard inharmonious tunes. At this moment, there came a pair phoenixes whose melodious chirp enlightened him. Then he tired to imitate the chirp by playing the flutes again and again until armonious melodies were produced. Linglun thus finished twelve tuning pitch pipes which laid foundat ons for composing and playing music. This time was three thousand years earlier than Zhang Qian's diplomatic mission to Xiyu (the Western Regions). To praise Linglun and to remember him, people behind him recorded this achievement as "Linglun making pitch pipes." Although this story is from legend, scholars and music experts in the Pre-Qin Period and Tang and Song Dynasties had never doubted about it.

In Liezi - the Chapter of Yin Tang's Questions, there records the story that King Mu of Zhou Dynasty meets with Queen Mother of the West at the Jade Pool, playing qin and se, beating drums and playing flutes, and composing songs and singing poems. In his way back to the Central Plains, King Mu runs into Yanshi, an artist from the Xiyu, and brings him back to his country.

Those ancient melodies have been nurturing the land for thousands of years, with its characters and natures preserved in songs and dances in Kashgar. These songs and dances are not only soul of people's life, but also influence the music traditions in the Central Plains.

Kashgar is also a cradle of music for Central Asia. The Uygur Twelve Muqam, a world famous music epic, is regarded as "mother of music" by Uygur.

Kashgar has unique charms with its rich culture deposit and colorful ethnic traditions and customs which are like fragrant flowers in wastelands. Tourists are reluctant to return home as they are fascinated by the Dolan Dance and farmer's paintings in Makit, music in Shache, the biggest county in Xinjiang, the Tajik' s weddings and music played by the eagle-bone flute that you can enjoy only in the plateau of Taxkorgan.

(SOURCES:)Editor: zhaoqian
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