Hotan or Hetian is located in the southern Tarim Basin in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. It was once the site of the Yutian Kingdom which had dominated the southern route of the Old Silk Road. Yutian was the first area in China to take Buddhism.
Tang Dynasty monk Xuanzang in his travel book, mentioned that there were over 100 Buddhist temples in Yutian that accommodated about 5,000 monks.
Hotan is well known for jade. The best quality is so called "as white as sheep fat". Most of the seals of Chinese emperors were made of Hotan jade. Hotan's many historical sites include the Niya city ruins, also called "Pompei of the Orient." Hotan has no railway. To get there, you have to take flight from Urumuqi by a weekly flight.Or you may tale the bus from Kashgar.