The prefecture is located in the southwest of Xinjiang and Artux city as a location of the administrative agency is 1433 (based on highway mileage) kilometers away from Urumqi. Under its administration are one city and three counties, with a population of 437,000 (413,000 for ethnic minorities). It has the tilled land of 41,200 hectares; sown grain area (including re-sown area) 45,800 hectares and cash crops area is 6,200 hectares. It belongs to temperate continental climate.
The well-known fruits in Kizilesu prefecture include fig, pomegranate, Munag grape and Baren dried apricot. The surface run-off is 79.62 hundred million cubic meters but the utilizing rate is quite low, for the diversion is difficult as most of the rivers are located in the mountainous area. The area of the mountainous area and river valley natural forest comes up to about 37,800 hectares. The main species of tree are spruce and white birch and river-valley secondary forest are mostly rose willow and sea buckthorn. The area of pastureland is over 3,300,000 hectares. In its territory, the first-class animals under the state's protection are black and white cranes and the second-class animals number 14.
The place is teamed with medicinal plant resources, including licorice, Radix Arnebiae seu lithospermi, asafoetide, Ephedra sinica, Cynomorium songaricum and Rhizoma Phragmitis. The metal ores of mineral resources include gold, silver, copper, iron, manganese, chromium, lead, zinc, coal, petroleum, marble, mica, asbestos and graphite with a total number of 30, etc. The deposit of lead and zinc come to the first in Xinjiang and the deposit of piezoelectric quartz takes up above 90%.