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THE NADAM FAIR---is major event which is a combination of recreational sports, entertainment and commodity fair

  Ethnic Mongolians number around 140000 in Xinjiang. Most of them live in the Mongolian Autonomous Prefectures of Bayingoleng and Bortala, and the Autonomous County of Hoboksar. Most of them engage in animal husbandry and some of them in farming.Their national costume is the Mongolian robe with broad trimmings, tied with a red, yellow, or green satin sash around the waist, and a Mongolian knife hanging from it. Some even like to carry a saddle-bag across their shoulders. There are three types of Mongolian robes, the single layer, the lined,and the fur-lined. Men's robes mostly come in blue, green, or black, while lamas' came in redor yellow. The men wear western hats or tie a scarf aroundtheir heads. The women keep their hair long and cover their heads with blue or red scarves. Both the men and women wear leather riding boots or felt boots. But now, people prefer to wear either Chinese or western clothes and put on their national costumes only on high days and holidays. Their annual Nadam is major event which is a combination of recreational sports, entertainment and commodity fair where activities such as horse-racing, archery, wrestling, singing and dancing take place.